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May 10 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


Carbon farming has emerged as a sustainable agricultural approach aimed at mitigating climate change by enhancing carbon sequestration in soils and vegetation. This method integrates regenerative farming practices to improve soil health, increase agricultural productivity, and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 

About Carbon Farming: 

  • Carbon farming focuses on managing agricultural and forestry practices to increase carbon sequestration and reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 
  • It aims to draw carbon dioxide out of the atmosphere and store it in soil and vegetation, thus mitigating climate change impacts. 

Need for Carbon Farming: 

  • Atmospheric CO2 Buildup: Rising atmospheric carbon dioxide levels contribute significantly to climate change. 
  • Carbon Sequestration Potential: Agricultural soils have the capacity to act as significant carbon sinks, effectively removing CO2 from the atmosphere. 
  • Soil Degradation: Conventional farming practices contribute to soil degradation, reducing its ability to store carbon. 

Types of Carbon Farming Practices: 

  • Rotational Grazing: Planned movement of livestock between pastures. 
  • Agroforestry: Integrating trees and shrubs into agricultural landscapes. 
  • Conservation Agriculture: Includes techniques such as zero tillage, crop rotation, and cover cropping. 
  • Integrated Nutrient Management: Focusing on organic fertilizers and compost. 
  • Agro-ecology: Integrating ecological principles into agricultural systems. 
  • Livestock Management: Strategies like rotational grazing and improved feed quality. 
  • Land Restoration: Practices like reforestation and wetland restoration. 

Best Practices Worldwide: 

  • Initiatives like the Chicago Climate Exchange and Australia’s Carbon Farming Initiative incentivize carbon mitigation in agriculture. 
  • Kenya’s Agricultural Carbon Project, supported by the World Bank, demonstrates how carbon farming can benefit economically developing nations. 
  • The ‘4 per 1000’ initiative aims to enhance soil carbon storage to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. 

Challenges Associated with Carbon Farming: 

  • Standardisation and Certification: Lack of standardized methodologies for measuring carbon sequestration in soils. 
  • Lack of Awareness: Limited awareness among farmers about carbon farming practices and their benefits. 
  • Small Landholdings: Dominance of small and fragmented landholdings, making large-scale implementation challenging. 
  • Policy Frameworks: Need for robust policy and regulatory frameworks to incentivize carbon farming. 
  • Financial Incentives: Limited access to financial incentives like subsidies and carbon credit schemes. 

Other Challenges: 

  • Hot and arid regions face challenges due to limited water availability, which hampers plant growth and reduces carbon sequestration potential.  
  • Water scarcity for essential needs like drinking and sanitation further limits agricultural activities.  
  • Cover cropping may become impractical due to the increased demand for water, and not all plant species are equally efficient in capturing and retaining carbon. 

Way Forward: 

  • Climate Change and Agriculture: Adoption of climate-resilient agricultural practices is crucial for mitigating climate change impacts. 
  • Viability of Organic Farming: Organic farming demonstrates potential for carbon sequestration and sustainable agriculture in India. 
  • Economic Potential of Agro-ecological Practices: Agro-ecological practices have significant economic benefits and can contribute to climate change mitigation. 
  • Regional Suitability: Identifying regions well-suited for carbon farming and addressing challenges in mountainous and coastal areas. 
  • Role of Carbon Credit Systems: Carbon credit systems can incentivize farmers and bridge the gap between emissions reductions and climate stabilization. 


Carbon farming presents a promising pathway towards sustainable agriculture and climate change mitigation.  

By addressing challenges and implementing appropriate strategies, countries can harness the potential of carbon farming to build resilience and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the agricultural sector. 

Mains Question: 

  1. Discuss the concept of carbon farming as a sustainable agricultural approach aimed at mitigating climate change. Examine the types of carbon farming practices and the challenges associated with their implementation. (150 WORDS)


May 10
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category:
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