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July 2 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


Puducherry, formerly known as Pondicherry, is a Union Territory located on the southeastern coast of India. 

It comprises four regions: Puducherry, Karaikal, Mahe, and Yanam, each with its own unique cultural influences due to their proximity to Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh. 

Historical Background 

  • Ancient History: 
  • Puducherry has a rich maritime history dating back to the 1st century AD, evidenced by Roman trade activities at Arikamedu. 
  • It was successively ruled by the Pallavas, Cholas, and later the Vijayanagar Empire. 
  • Colonial History: 
  • The modern history of Puducherry began in 1673 when the French East India Company established a trading post. 
  • It developed into a significant French stronghold in India, despite brief occupations by the Dutch. 
  • The Treaty of Paris in 1763 restored French control over Puducherry after the Battle of Wandiwash. 
  • Post-Independence: 
  • Puducherry became a Union Territory of India on 1st November 1954, marking the end of French colonial rule in India. 
  • The formal ratification by the French Parliament in 1963 solidified Puducherry’s integration into India. 

Political Status of Puducherry 

  • Constitutional Framework: 
  • Governed under Article 239 of the Indian Constitution and the Government of Union Territories Act, 1963. 
  • The Lieutenant Governor oversees administrative functions, guided by the Legislative Assembly empowered to legislate on matters in the Concurrent and State Lists. 
  • Administrative Structure: 
  • Puducherry has an elected Legislative Assembly responsible for local governance. 
  • It exercises legislative powers over a wide range of subjects affecting the daily lives of its residents. 
  • Name Change: 
  • The name was officially changed from Pondicherry to Puducherry through the Pondicherry (Alteration of Name) Act, 2006, reflecting linguistic and cultural preferences. 

Cultural Heritage 

  • Sri Aurobindo Ashram: 
  • A spiritual community founded by Sri Aurobindo and his disciple, The Mother (Mirra Alfassa). 
  • Known for its serene environment and contribution to spiritual literature and practices. 
  • Auroville: 
  • An experimental township conceived as a universal town where people from all over the world could live in harmony. 
  • Symbolizes human unity and aims to realize human potential through sustainable living and cultural diversity. 

Economic and Social Development 

  • Tourism and Heritage: 
  • Puducherry attracts tourists for its blend of French colonial architecture and traditional Tamil culture. 
  • Tourism contributes significantly to the local economy through heritage tourism and cultural exchanges. 
  • Challenges and Aspirations: 
  • Despite its cultural richness, Puducherry faces challenges such as unemployment and infrastructure development. 
  • There is ongoing demand for statehood to gain more autonomy in decision-making and promote economic growth. 


  • Puducherry, with its unique blend of history, culture, and governance, remains an integral part of India’s cultural tapestry. 
  • Efforts towards economic development and preserving its cultural heritage are essential for its sustainable growth and prosperity. 


July 2
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
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