Geography optional is a crucial component for aspiring bureaucrats as it covers a substantial portion of the UPSC mains syllabus, accounting for 50 percent of the total. With this optional, candidates can tackle 35 out of 100 questions in the prelims, giving them a solid advantage.
Those who have cracked the UPSC with geography as their optional subject have demonstrated exemplary performance in various administrative domains such as rural development, agriculture, disaster management, employment generation, population dynamics, and forestry management.
Moreover, studying geography as an optional subject aids aspirants in aligning their personalities with the requirements of the UPSC. Through topics like population dynamics, migration, urbanization, cultural aspects, settlement patterns, and climate change, candidates develop a deeper understanding of societal issues, which is invaluable for effective governance.



Teaching Experience:
Over a decade
Education Qualification: from JNTU, M Sc Geography from Madras University, MA in History from IGNOU
Subjects Covered:

Geography, Environment, Disaster Management. Optional: Geography

Vijay Kumar sir is an expert in Geography with over a decade a teaching experience in UPSC domain. Sir has taught many Students in the last ten years. Under Sir guidance students have Cracked UPSC CSE with Geography as optional.
His expertise Lies in making Students get Mastery on Geography & Environment with real practical experience. Sir Brilliance lies in guessing the UPSC CSE Prelims and Mains Questions along contemporary issues.
Having Vijay sir in the team of EKAM IAS Academy exclusively is to have best learning of geography to Students in a realistic mode. Sir has worked with various NGO’s & Govt organizations to understand the reality of Geography issues like, urbanization, population dynamics, Floods, droughts, Farmers Suicide etc.
He is Known to be communicative, disciplined and target Oriented teacher making his best efforts to deliver the best content to the future bureaucrats.

Geography optional course at EKAM

1) Duration: 4-5 months
Month 1 (Block 1): Physical Geography
This segment is designed to solidify aspirants’ grasp on geography by covering geomorphology, climatology, and oceanography. It delves into topics such as landscape evolution, mountain formation, desert phenomena, cyclones, tides, and waves.
Month 2 (Block 2): Paper 1+2 – Indian Physical Geography and Economic Geography
This practical and factual block complements Block 1 by exploring crucial topics like the Himalayas, Indian climate, resource distribution, industrial locations, and agricultural issues.
Month 3 (Block 3): Paper 1+2 – Population and Settlement Geography, Culture, Regional Planning
This block, the core of geography, comes alive with contemporary examples. It covers population dynamics, regional planning, hill area development, urbanization, smart cities, and governance topics like panchayat raj institutions.
Month 4 (Block 4): Paper 1+2 – Political Geography, Mapping, Contemporary Issues
This dynamic segment, addressed towards the end, is vital for both optional and general studies. It focuses on political geography, theories, laws, and contemporary issues. Mapping skills, both static and current, are honed, integrating them with current affairs.
2) Offline/Online Mode
Geography classes are available in both offline and online formats. Recorded classes are provided for review and catch-up purposes, ensuring students can revisit lectures at their convenience.
3) Mentorship
Geography optional candidates receive personalized mentoring from Vijay sir, offering a supportive hand throughout their UPSC journey, covering prelims, mains, and personality test preparation.
4) Institute Material
EKAM IAS provides comprehensive geography optional materials, including static, current, and strategic resources, along with blueprints of previous year questions. This aids students in resource optimization and enhances their answer-writing skills.
5) Test Series
Regular tests, including weekend, sectional, and grand tests, are conducted after weekday classes. Saturdays are dedicated to test-taking and doubt clarification, with faculty providing one-on-one feedback and model answers. Aspirants are exposed to a minimum of 500 questions by the end of the course, ensuring thorough preparation.