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December 4, 2023 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


Greenhouse gas emissions, particularly methane (CH4), play a crucial role in climate change dynamics, standing as the second most influential contributor after carbon dioxide (CO2). This brief explores the significance of methane, its emission sources, reduction strategies, and the global commitment to mitigate its impact.

Methane’s Potency and Lifespan:

Despite its shorter atmospheric lifespan (approximately 10 years), methane exhibits a warming potential 28 times greater than CO2 over a century and 80 times over two decades.

Uncertain Emissions:

Precise monitoring of methane emissions remains challenging, leading to uncertainties in assessing the actual volume released into the atmosphere.

Methane Emission Sources:

Human Activity (60%):

Agriculture emerges as the primary contributor, encompassing livestock emissions and methane released during rice cultivation.

The energy sector follows closely, marked by leaks from coal, oil, and gas infrastructure.

Waste decomposition in landfills also adds to human-caused emissions.

Natural Sources (40%):

Natural sources, predominantly wetlands, constitute a significant portion of methane emissions.

Strategies for Methane Reduction:

Fossil Fuel Sector:

Swift reductions in methane emissions from fossil fuel-related activities could curtail warming by 0.1 degrees Celsius by mid-century.

Infrastructure Repair:

Addressing leaky infrastructure and eliminating routine flaring and venting stands as a tangible solution to reduce emissions.

Agricultural Practices:

Modifying livestock diets and altering water management in rice fields present viable strategies for mitigating agricultural methane emissions.

Global Methane Pledge:

Initiated in 2021 by the EU and US, the pledge aims to slash global methane emissions by 30% by 2030 compared to 2020 levels.

While over 150 countries have joined, key emitters like China, India, and Russia are yet to participate.

Calls are resonating for COP28 to solidify more robust reduction targets, especially in the energy sector.

Methane Action Plan Globally:

Both the US and China have incorporated methane in their climate action blueprints.

China’s commitment lacks a quantified target, raising concerns about the plan’s efficacy.

The global community awaits the COP28 outcomes for a more comprehensive and coordinated approach.

Oil and Gas Industry Commitments:

Industry-driven initiatives, such as the Oil and Gas Climate Initiative, strive for zero emissions from their operations by 2030.

The success of these commitments’ hinges on their effective execution and adherence.


As COP28 unfolds in Dubai, methane emerges as a focal point in climate talks, presenting a pivotal opportunity for impactful climate change mitigation.

A compelling need for global collaboration to substantially cut methane emissions underscores the urgency in combating climate change.

However, realizing these reductions poses challenges, necessitating unified efforts, stringent monitoring, and robust enforcement mechanisms from nations and industries alike.


December 4, 2023
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category: