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July 6 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


Recently, the Union Minister of Commerce and Industry emphasized that India granted approximately one hundred thousand patents in 2024, indicating a substantial rise in patent approvals. 

About Patents 

  • Definition: A patent grants exclusive rights to an inventor or entity over their invention, preventing others from replicating, using, or selling it without permission. 
  • Territorial Limitation: Patents are enforceable only within the territory of India, not globally. 
  • Legal Framework: Governed by the Patents Act, 1970, with recent amendments like the Patents (Amendment) Rules, 2024. 
  • Criteria for Patentability: An invention must be novel, non-obvious, and capable of industrial application to qualify for a patent. 

Significance of Granting Patents 

  • Encouraging Innovation: Provides inventors with exclusive rights, incentivizing them to invest in research and development. 
  • Attracting Foreign Direct Investment (FDI): Strong IP protection regimes attract FDI by assuring investors that their innovations will be safeguarded. 
  • Creating a Knowledge-Based Economy: Protecting intellectual assets like copyrights and trademarks promotes economic development through innovation and commercialization. 

Challenges in the Patenting System 

  • Lengthy Approval Process: Patent examination can take months to years, delaying the protection of inventions. 
  • Backlog of Applications: High volumes of applications lead to a backlog, exacerbating approval delays. 
  • Limited Awareness: Many inventors lack knowledge about patents and the application process, hindering their ability to protect their inventions effectively. 
  • Resource Constraints: Costly process involving fees for attorneys, applications, and maintenance can be prohibitive for small inventors. 
  • Stringent Criteria: Specific exclusions under Section 3 of the Patents Act limit patentability, posing challenges for certain innovations. 
  • Enforcement Issues: Even with patents, enforcing rights against infringers can be costly and time-consuming. 

Steps Needed to Improve the Patenting System 

  • Simplifying Procedures: 
  • Introduce online filing and user-friendly interfaces. 
  • Provide clear guidelines for patent drafting and prosecution. 
  • Streamlining Approval Process: 
  • Increase manpower and resources in patent offices. 
  • Offer expedited examination options for critical inventions. 
  • Clearing Backlog: 
  • Implement efficient case management strategies. 
  • Ensure timely disposal of applications. 
  • Creating Awareness: 
  • Incorporate IP education in STEM curricula. 
  • Set up intellectual property support centres and offer pro bono legal services. 
  • Financial Support: 
  • Introduce subsidies and fee reductions for small inventors and startups. 
  • Promote collaborative research and patent pools to share costs. 
  • Relaxing Criteria: 
  • Review and align patentability criteria with international standards. 
  • Provide pre-filing consultations to assess patentability. 
  • Strengthening Legal Mechanisms: 
  • Establish specialized IP courts for faster adjudication. 
  • Promote alternative dispute resolution mechanisms. 
  • Protecting Traditional Knowledge: 
  • Implement stricter regulations against biopiracy. 
  • Develop a national database for traditional knowledge protection. 

India’s Patenting Landscape and Global Position 

  • Recent Developments: India issued approximately one lakh patents in 2024, indicating significant growth in patent approvals. 
  • Global Innovation Index (GII): India ranked 40th in GII 2023, showcasing improvement in innovation capabilities. 


  • Role of Patents: Crucial for fostering innovation, attracting investment, and building a knowledge-driven economy. 
  • Challenges and Solutions: Addressing procedural complexities, awareness gaps, and enforcement issues is vital for enhancing India’s patenting system. 
  • Future Directions: Continued reforms and strategic initiatives will bolster India’s position in global innovation indices and promote sustainable economic growth. 

Main Question: 

  1. Explain the significance of patents in fostering innovation and economic development in India. Discuss the challenges faced by the patenting system and suggest measures to improve its efficiency. (150 WORDS)


July 6
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
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