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December 7, 2023 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


Late on December 3, 2023, Chennai faced severe repercussions of Cyclone Michaung, resulting in heavy rains and consequential damage. This article explores the cyclone’s formation, its impact, and the exacerbated challenges caused by both natural and man-made factors.  Cyclone Michaung Overview:

Formation and Intensification:

Originating over the Bay of Bengal on November 29, 2023.

Gradual westward movement and intensification into a severe cyclonic storm.

Landfall and Consequences:

Made landfall near Bapatla, Andhra Pradesh, on December 5, with winds reaching 110 km/h.

Widespread damage in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu.

Resulted in heavy rains, flooding, and power outages.

Impact and Casualties:

More than 120 mm of rain in most areas, exceeding 250 mm in some.

At least 12 casualties reported, with approximately 9,450 evacuations.

Named ‘Michaung’ by Myanmar, signifying ‘strength and resilience.’

Factors Exacerbating the Situation:

Power Infrastructure Issues: Inadequate investment in maintenance led to precautionary power cuts to avoid electrocution risks.

Unplanned Construction: Defiance of zoning regulations contributed to water stagnation on roads.

Public Indiscipline: Littering, particularly plastic trash, clogged stormwater drains worsening flooding.

Climate Change: Rising sea surface temperatures and altered atmospheric conditions contribute to cyclone intensification and increased frequency.

Recommended Measures:

Power Infrastructure Enhancement:

Increased funds allocation for maintenance.

Implementation of waterproof materials and relocation of vulnerable infrastructure.

Controlled Construction Practices:

Strict enforcement of zoning laws.

Integration of better drainage systems and green infrastructure for water absorption.

Public Discipline Initiatives:

Implementation of Public Awareness Campaigns.

Community Engagement Initiatives to promote responsible behavior.


Addressing the aftermath of Cyclone Michaung necessitates a comprehensive, multi-sectoral strategy. Enhancing power infrastructure resilience, enforcing construction regulations, fostering public discipline, and acknowledging the role of climate change are pivotal in mitigating future calamities. The practice question encourages an in-depth exploration of the holistic approach required for effective cyclone management in Chennai.

Mains Question:

  1. Discuss the necessity of adopting a comprehensive, multi-sectoral strategy over isolated efforts in addressing cyclones. Examine this approach in light of the devastation caused by Cyclone Michaung in Chennai. (150 Words) 10M


December 7, 2023
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category: