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March 19 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The recognition of Pandavula Gutta in Telangana and Ramgarh Crater in Rajasthan as geo-heritage sites marks a significant milestone in preserving India’s geological legacy.

These sites offer valuable insights into prehistoric life and geological phenomena, contributing to scientific knowledge and cultural heritage.

Key Facts About Pandavula Gutta:

  • Location and Significance: Pandavula Gutta, situated in the Jayashankar Bhupalpally district of Telangana, is an ancient geological marvel rich in rock shelters and habitation from the Mesolithic period to medieval times.

  • Prehistoric Artifacts: The site boasts Palaeolithic cave paintings dating back to 500,000 BCE–10,000 BCE, depicting wildlife such as Bison, Antelope, Tiger, and Leopard, along with geometric designs and symbols.
  • Cave Paintings: The cave paintings feature intricate designs in green, red, yellow, and white pigments, including swastika symbols, circles, squares, and weapons, offering a glimpse into the artistic expression of prehistoric communities.
  • Rock Climbing Destination: The unique topography of Pandavula Gutta attracts rock climbing enthusiasts, providing opportunities for adventure and exploration amidst its ancient geological formations.

Key Facts About Ramgarh Crater:

  • Formation and Age: Ramgarh Crater in Baran district, Rajasthan, was formed around 165 million years ago due to a meteor impact, spanning approximately 3 kilometers in diameter.

  • Ecological Importance: Recognized as the Ramgarh Conservation Reserve under the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the crater contributes to the region’s ecological balance and biodiversity, providing essential ecosystem services.
  • Cultural Heritage: The presence of the Pushkar Talab complex within the crater adds to its cultural significance, with the wetlands recognized under Wetland (Conservation & Management) Rules, 2017, further enhancing its conservation status.

Geo-Heritage Site/National Geological Monuments:

  • Definition: Geoheritage sites, also known as national geological monuments, possess significant scientific, educational, cultural, or aesthetic value due to their geological features, such as unique rock formations, fossils, or landscapes.
  • Protection Measures: The Geological Survey of India (GSI) or respective state governments take necessary measures to protect and maintain these sites, ensuring their preservation for future generations.
  • Role of GSI: Established in 1851, the GSI is a scientific agency tasked with creating and updating national geoscientific information and assessing mineral resources. It designates geo-heritage sites/national geological monuments for protection and maintenance.


March 19
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
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