Loading Events

« All Events

  • This event has passed.


February 2 @ 6:00 am - 11:30 pm


World Leprosy Day is observed annually on the last Sunday of January, with India commemorating it on January 30th, coinciding with Mahatma Gandhi’s death anniversary.

The day serves a dual purpose: eradicating the stigma associated with leprosy and promoting the dignity of affected individuals.

Purpose of World Leprosy Day Observation:

  • Theme – “Beat Leprosy”: The theme for World Leprosy Day 2024 underscores the aim to eliminate stigma and uphold the dignity of those impacted by the disease.
  • Raise Awareness: The primary objective is to raise public awareness about the societal stigma linked to leprosy.
  • Education on the Disease: Informing the public that leprosy, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium leprae, is easily treatable forms a critical part of the awareness campaign.

About Leprosy:

  • Chronic Infectious Disease: Leprosy, also known as Hansen’s disease, is a chronic infectious ailment affecting the skin, nerves, respiratory tract, and eyes.
  • Transmission: It is transmitted through droplets from the nose and mouth during close contact with untreated cases, not through inheritance.
  • Classifications: Leprosy is categorized into Paucibacillary (PB) and multibacillary (MB), based on bacterial load. Early treatment can prevent disability.
  • Treatment: The multi-drug therapy (MDT) involving dapsone, rifampicin, and clofazimine is administered. MDT is provided free of cost globally since 1995.

Global Burden of Leprosy:

  • Neglected Tropical Disease: Leprosy is a neglected tropical disease prevalent in over 120 countries, with 200,000+ new cases reported annually.
  • WHO Data (2022): In 2022, 182 countries reported over 1.65 lakh cases, mainly in the WHO African and South-East Asia Regions.

India’s Leprosy Scenario:

  • Achievements: India achieved leprosy elimination as a public health problem in 2005.
  • Endemic Regions: Despite this, leprosy remains endemic in various states and union territories.
  • Prevalence Rate: The current prevalence rate in India is 0.4 per 10,000 population.

Initiatives for Leprosy Eradication:

Global Initiatives:

  • Global Leprosy Strategy (2016–2020): Launched by WHO, it revitalizes efforts to control leprosy and prevent disabilities.
  • Global Partnership for Zero Leprosy (GPZL): A coalition dedicated to ending leprosy worldwide.

India’s Initiatives:

  • National Strategic Plan (NSP) & Roadmap (2023-27): Aiming for zero transmission of leprosy by 2027, three years before SDG 3.3.
  • National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP): Initiated in 1983, focuses on reducing disease burden, preventing disability, and enhancing public awareness.


February 2
6:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category: