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December 20, 2023 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The International Energy Agency (IEA) recently released its annual coal market report, signaling a significant transformation in the global coal landscape. This shift, projected to unfold by 2026, is influenced by various factors such as the expansion of renewable energy and increased nuclear generation in key regions.

Key Highlights of the Report:

Global Coal Demand Trends:

  • In 2022, global coal demand reached a record high of 8.42 billion tonnes, marking a 4% year-on-year increase.
  • Asia, particularly China, India, and Indonesia, emerged as the primary drivers of coal demand growth.
  • China experienced a 4.6% surge, equivalent to 200 million tonnes, while India saw a substantial 9% increase (97 Mt).
  • Indonesia witnessed a remarkable 32% surge (49 Mt) driven by nickel smelters.
  • The United States faced an 8% decline in coal demand (37 Mt), the most significant drop among major markets.
  • Europe exhibited more restrained growth than anticipated, despite a 4.3% increase in consumption.

Future Projections and Uncertainties:

  • Anticipated decline in coal demand in most advanced economies during 2023.
  • Global coal consumption in 2026 projected to be 2.3% lower than in 2023.
  • Despite the decline, global coal consumption expected to remain above 8 billion tonnes through 2026.
  • China, India, and Indonesia expected to break output records in 2023, accounting for over 70% of global coal production.

Factors Influencing Decline in Coal Demand:

  • Shift towards renewable energy sources globally.
  • Climate-related factors, with the transition from El Nino to La Nina potentially increasing hydropower output.
  • Significant growth in low-cost solar photovoltaic deployment.
  • Expected moderate increases in nuclear generation, particularly in China, India, and the European Union.

China’s Dominance in Coal Markets:

  • China’s coal consumption expected to fall in 2024 and remain steady through 2026.
  • Recovery in hydropower output and significant increases in electricity generation from solar PV and wind in China.
  • Uncertain pace of economic growth in China and its coal use due to major structural changes.

Coal Industry Shifts:

  • Unexpected surge in coal prices over the past two years impacting consumers and industry dynamics.
  • Despite rising costs, coal mining companies maintained strong profit margins.
  • Diversified mining firms strategically reinvested coal profits in other commodities, capitalizing on the expected surge in demand linked to the energy transition.


The IEA’s annual coal market report provides crucial insights into the evolving landscape of global coal demand. As the world witnesses a shift towards renewable energy and increased nuclear generation, key players like China, India, and Indonesia are expected to shape the future trajectory of coal consumption.

Efforts to reduce unabated coal use, in line with international climate targets, are deemed essential. The unexpected surge in coal prices has led to strategic shifts in the coal industry, with companies diversifying investments.

These developments underscore the imperative for nations to align their energy policies with economic development, energy security, and environmental protection.

About the International Energy Agency:

The International Energy Agency (IEA), established in 1974, focuses on energy policies related to economic development, energy security, and environmental protection.

Headquartered in Paris, France, the IEA comprises 31 member countries, 13 association countries, including India, and 4 accession countries.

As a key player in the international oil market, the IEA plays a vital role in providing information and addressing disruptions in oil supply.

Major reports include the World Energy Outlook, World Energy Investment Report, and India Energy Outlook Report.


December 20, 2023
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
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