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March 23 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The World Health Organization (WHO) recently unveiled its “Fair Share for Health and Care” report, shedding light on the persistent gender gap in global healthcare.

Key Highlights of the Report:

Gender Disparities in Health and Care Workforce:

  • Women constitute 67% of the paid global health and care workforce and perform around 76% of all unpaid care activities.
  • Despite their significant presence, women are underrepresented in leadership roles within the healthcare sector.
  • Chronic underinvestment in health systems perpetuates the cycle of unpaid care work, hindering women’s economic empowerment and gender equality.

Devaluation of Caregiving:

  • Caregiving, predominantly performed by women, faces devaluation, resulting in lower wages, poor working conditions, and reduced productivity.
  • Gender pay gaps limit women’s ability to invest in their families and communities, affecting overall well-being.

Higher Levels of Violence:

  • Women in healthcare encounter higher levels of gender-based violence, with a quarter of workplace violence globally occurring in the healthcare sector.
  • Addressing violence against women in healthcare settings is crucial for ensuring a safe and supportive work environment.

Global Crisis of Care:

  • Decades of underinvestment in health and care work contribute to a global crisis of care, hindering progress towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC) and leaving billions without access to essential health services.
  • Unpaid care work disproportionately burdens women, exacerbating gender disparities in healthcare.

Government Initiatives to Tackle Gender Disparity:

Economic Participation and Health and Survival:

  • Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative ensures the protection, survival, and education of the girl child.
  • Mahila Shakti Kendra empowers rural women through skill development and employment opportunities.
  • Mahila Police Volunteers act as a link between police and the community, facilitating women in distress.
  • Rashtriya Mahila Kosh provides micro-credit to poor women for livelihood and income-generating activities.

Female Entrepreneurship:

  • Stand-Up India and Mahila e-Haat promote female entrepreneurship through financial support and online marketing platforms.
  • Entrepreneurship and Skill Development Programme (ESSDP) fosters entrepreneurship among women.

Education and Empowerment:

  • Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya provides education in Educationally Backward Blocks (EBBs) to empower girls.
  • Political reservation reserves 33% of seats in Panchayati Raj Institutions for women, enhancing their political representation.

Recommendations to Address Gender Disparity in Healthcare:

Improve Working Conditions:

  • Enhance working conditions for health and care workers, especially in feminized occupations.
  • Ensure equal pay for work of equal value and promote gender diversity in leadership roles.

Invest in Public Health Systems:

  • Allocate resources to strengthen public health systems and address gaps in healthcare infrastructure.
  • Prioritize investment in quality care to uphold the rights and well-being of caregivers.

Capacity Building and Empowerment:

  • Conduct capacity building programs for elected women representatives to enable effective participation in governance processes.
  • Promote female entrepreneurship and economic empowerment through skill development and financial support initiatives.

Mains Question:

  1. Discuss the findings of the World Health Organization’s “Fair Share for Health and Care” report, highlighting the persistent gender disparities in global healthcare. (150 WORDS)


March 23
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
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