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December 27, 2023 @ 7:30 am - 11:30 pm


Recent events involving the mass suspension of 141 opposition MPs from both Houses of Parliament have sparked concerns about the state of democracy in India. This development raises questions about the procedural aspects of suspending members of Parliament and the broader impact on democratic values.

Process of Suspension of MPs:

General Principle:

  • Presiding Officers (Speaker of Lok Sabha and Chairman of Rajya Sabha) have the duty to maintain order for smooth functioning.
  • Empowered to force a member’s withdrawal to ensure proper conduct during proceedings.

Terms of Suspension:

  • Maximum suspension period is for the remainder of the session.
  • Suspended members lose various privileges, including attending committee meetings and submitting notices.

Grounds for Termination:

  • Grounds covered under the Rules of Procedure and Conduct of the House.
  • Includes grossly disorderly conduct and persistent obstruction of business.

Why is the Provision for Suspension of MPs Required?

  • Violation of Parliamentary Rules: Enables suspension for members violating established rules and norms.
  • Maintaining Order: Intended to uphold the dignity, decorum, and smooth functioning of Parliament.
  • Disruption of Proceedings: Aims to prevent disruptions that hinder normal business, contributing to the efficient functioning of the house.
  • Financial Cost of Disruption: Recognizes the financial impact of disruptions on the cost of running Parliament.
  • Refusal to Obey the Speaker/Chairperson: Addresses cases where members disregard the authority of the Speaker/Chairperson.

Issues Associated with Suspension of MPs:

  • Convention Not Followed: Suspension, usually a last resort, is being used more frequently.
  • Unprecedented Grounds: Some MPs suspended on grounds of pending investigation, not aligned with established rules.
  • Erosion of Democratic Values: Mass suspension raises concerns about fair representation and diverse voices within the legislative process.
  • Lack of Meaningful Opposition: Diminished opposition challenges the system of checks and balances, impacting the quality of debates.
  • Erosion of Public Trust: Potential erosion of trust in democratic institutions if perceived as lacking transparency and accountability.
  • Against Freedom of Expression: Suspension may be seen as a method to silence dissent or differing opinions.
  • Partisan Decision Making: Suspending members can sometimes be influenced by political motives, raising concerns about fairness.
  • Excessive Length of Suspension: Prolonged suspension may hinder effective representation and participation in parliamentary affairs.
  • Deteriorating Quality of Bills: Reduced debates impact the quality of bills due to a lack of discussion in the absence of opposition.
  • Diplomatic Implications: Global perceptions of India’s democracy may be influenced, affecting indices like the Global Democracy Index.

Way Forward:

  • Striking a Distinction: Distinguish between deliberate disruption and raising important issues.
  • Alternative Methods of Discipline: Consider alternatives like warnings, fines, or other measures that allow continued participation.
  • Suspension as a Last Resort: Ensure that suspension is considered only after exhausting other avenues.
  • Due Process: Apply suspension with adherence to principles of fairness, due process, and the rule of law.
  • Cooperation Between Government and Opposition: Foster cooperation and constructive roles for both ruling and opposition parties.
  • Empowering the Opposition: Allow the Opposition to set the agenda on specific days, promoting deliberation on important issues.
  • Political Maturity: Emphasize political maturity to protect Parliament’s sanctity, ensuring meaningful engagement between the government and opposition.


The recent mass suspension of MPs underscores the need for introspection within the national legislature. The balance between maintaining order and preserving democratic principles must be delicately maintained.

Parliament should explore alternative disciplinary measures, uphold due process, and promote a collaborative approach to address challenges without compromising the democratic ethos.

The reputation of Parliament as a forum for deliberation and representation is at stake, necessitating timely reforms.

Mains Question:

  1. Discuss the significance of the recent mass suspension of 141 opposition MPs from both Houses of Parliament and its implications for democracy in India. Suggest reforms and measures that can be taken to strike a balance between maintaining order and preserving democratic principles in the parliamentary system. (150 WORDS)


December 27, 2023
7:30 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category:
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