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December 30, 2023 @ 7:30 am - 11:30 pm


Pesticide poisoning has become a critical issue in Maharashtra, particularly in regions vulnerable to droughts and crop failures. The adverse impact on farmers and workers has resulted in fatalities and various health issues. Understanding the types, effects, and regulation of pesticides is crucial for addressing this pressing concern.

Types of Pesticides:

  1. Insecticides: Combat insects and pests affecting plants.
  2. Fungicides: Control fungal diseases in plants.
  3. Herbicides: Manage weed growth in cultivation areas.
  4. Bio-Pesticides: Derived from biological sources like animals, plants, and bacteria.
  5. Others: Include plant growth regulators, nematicides, rodenticides, and fumigants.

Pesticide Poisoning:

  • Adverse effects on humans or animals due to pesticide exposure.
  • Classified into acute (short-term) and chronic (long-term) poisoning.
  • Acute poisoning results from significant, sudden exposure, while chronic poisoning occurs with prolonged exposure to low doses.

Recently Banned Pesticides:

  • The government banned Dicofol, Dinocap, Methomyl, and monocrotophos in 2023.

Regulation of Pesticides in India:

  • Governed by the Insecticides Act, 1968, and Insecticides Rules, 1971.
  • The Act covers pesticide registration, manufacture, and sale.
  • Administered by the Department of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.
  • Note: The Pesticide Management Bill, 2020 aims to replace the Insecticides Act, 1968.

Concerns Regarding Pesticide Use:

  • Harmful Effects on Farmers: Chronic exposure linked to nervous system symptoms, Parkinson’s, and Alzheimer’s.
  • Harmful Effect on Consumers: Biomagnification in the food chain raises health concerns for humans.
  • Harmful Effect on Agriculture: Prolonged pesticide use contributes to ecological, economic, and existential crises in Indian agriculture.
  • Regulatory Issues: Insecticides Act, a central act, poses challenges in state-level interventions. Many banned pesticides are still used or produced in India.

Way Forward:

Regulatory Reforms:

  • Enforce regulations to curb illegal pesticide sale and misuse.
  • Implement penalties for violations.

Government Support:

  • Provide financial aid to farmers for adopting sustainable practices.
  • Offer subsidies for organic farming and safer pesticides.

Community Awareness Programs:

  • Conduct awareness campaigns about pesticide risks.
  • Involve local communities in monitoring and reporting misuse.

Compensation Mechanism:

  • Establish a transparent compensation mechanism for victims.
  • Swift processing of claims for medical expenses and economic losses.


Addressing pesticide poisoning in Maharashtra requires a multi-pronged approach, encompassing stringent regulations, government support, community involvement, and a compensation mechanism. Prioritizing sustainable and safe agricultural practices is crucial for the well-being of farmers, consumers, and the environment.


December 30, 2023
7:30 am - 11:30 pm
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