Loading Events

« All Events

  • This event has passed.


March 29 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The Sundarbans, the world’s largest mangrove forest, faces significant environmental challenges threatening its delicate ecosystem.

About Sundarbans:

  • The Sundarbans, situated on the delta of the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Meghna rivers, hosts diverse flora and fauna.
  • It provides habitat to numerous species, including the endangered Royal Bengal Tiger, Gangetic dolphin, and olive ridley turtle.
  • Designated as a UNESCO World Heritage site and a Biosphere Reserve, it spans across India and Bangladesh.

Challenges Faced by the Sundarbans:

Freshwater Scarcity:

  • Predominantly saline rivers lead to freshwater scarcity, impacting both the ecosystem and human livelihoods.
  • Groundwater, when available, is often saline, exacerbating the scarcity issue.

Pollution and Erosion:

  • Pollution from microplastics, chemicals, and waste disposal poses a threat to the ecosystem.
  • River erosion and exploitation of forest resources further contribute to degradation.

Sea Level Rise:

  • Sundarbans face double the sea level rise compared to other coastal areas.
  • Cyclones and changing climate patterns worsen erosion and ecosystem stability.

Human-Wildlife Conflict:

  • Conflicts between humans and animals, particularly tigers, endanger lives and conservation efforts.


  • Industrial activities contribute chemicals like hydrocarbons, contaminating waterways and ecosystems.

Sustainable Solutions for Sundarbans Protection:

Protecting Streambanks:

  • Cultivating native grass species can stabilize streambanks and prevent erosion more effectively than non-local species like vetiver.

Promoting Sustainable Agriculture:

  • Encouraging soil-tolerant paddy varieties and organic agriculture practices can enhance productivity while minimizing environmental impact.

Utilizing Non-Timber Forest Resources:

  • Leveraging non-timber forest resources for economic growth can promote sustainable development while conserving natural resources.

Wastewater Treatment:

  • Utilizing natural processes and microorganisms for wastewater treatment can maintain water quality and ecosystem health.

Biodiversity Conservation:

  • Promoting the conservation of indigenous fish species aids in restoring and maintaining ecosystem health.

India-Bangladesh Collaboration:

  • Enhancing collaboration between India and Bangladesh through joint initiatives and interdisciplinary approaches can address climate resilience and community welfare effectively.


The Sundarbans’ protection requires concerted efforts to address its environmental challenges sustainably.

By promoting conservation practices, sustainable agriculture, and collaborative initiatives, India and Bangladesh can ensure the preservation of this invaluable ecosystem for future generations.


March 29
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category: