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May 3 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The United Nations (UN) has established a panel on Critical Energy Transition Minerals to develop global principles for the minerals value chain, aiming to ensure environmental and social standards and justice in the energy transition.  

This initiative is crucial in the context of renewable energy technologies and their reliance on critical minerals. 


About the Panel on Critical Energy Transition Minerals: 

  • The panel addresses equity, transparency, sustainability, and human rights concerning critical minerals for renewable energy technologies. 
  • It aligns with the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Paris Agreement, focusing on shared prosperity and leaving no one behind. 
  • Past UN efforts, including the Working Group on Sustainable Extractive Industries, inform the panel’s work. 
  • The objective is to develop principles for a fair and transparent global approach, upholding sustainability, and human development standards throughout the value chain. 

What are Critical Minerals? 

  • Essential for economic development and national security, critical minerals are susceptible to supply chain vulnerabilities and disruption. 
  • Different countries identify critical minerals based on specific circumstances and priorities. 
  • India has identified 30 critical minerals, including lithium, cobalt, and rare earth elements, crucial for various industries and technologies. 

Key Critical Minerals and Their Applications: 

  • Lithium, cobalt, and nickel are essential for lithium-ion batteries used in electric vehicles and energy storage systems. 
  • Rare earth elements (REEs) play pivotal roles in manufacturing high-strength magnets and electronics. 
  • Copper, titanium, platinum group metals (PGMs), and graphite have diverse applications in industries such as aerospace, electronics, and renewable energy. 

Significance of Critical Minerals for India: 

  • Economic Self-Reliance: Critical minerals support India’s growing electronics industry, telecommunications, and electric vehicle production. 
  • Technological Innovation: They are vital for defense aircraft, nuclear energy, and space exploration, contributing to India’s technological advancements. 
  • Environmental Sustainability: Critical minerals enable the deployment of renewable energy technologies like solar panels, wind turbines, and battery storage systems, aligning with India’s climate action goals. 

Challenges for India Related to Critical Minerals: 

  • Supply Chain Disruptions: Conflicts and geopolitical tensions can disrupt established supply chains, affecting India’s access to critical minerals. 
  • Limited Domestic Reserves: India faces challenges due to insufficient domestic reserves of critical minerals, increasing dependence on imports. 
  • Heavy Reliance on Imports: India’s reliance on foreign suppliers makes it vulnerable to price fluctuations, geopolitical factors, and supply disruptions. 
  • Growing Demand: India’s ambitious renewable energy goals drive the demand for critical minerals, exacerbating dependence on imports. 


The UN’s initiative on Critical Energy Transition Minerals highlights the importance of equitable and sustainable mineral supply chains in the context of renewable energy technologies.  

As India pursues its renewable energy targets, international cooperation on critical minerals becomes imperative.  

A comprehensive and inclusive approach is essential for fostering economic development, ensuring national security, and advancing environmental sustainability in the transition towards a cleaner and greener future. 


May 3
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category:
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