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January 4 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


With the urbanization trend projected to reach almost 50% of India’s population by 2047, there is a growing need to shift focus to rural development. Central to this effort is ensuring that the youth in rural areas are equipped with the necessary skills for employment, aiming to control migration to urban centers.

Controlling Rural Youth Migration:

Agriculture as an Aspirational Vocation:

  • Encouraging rural youth to see agriculture as an aspirational vocation is crucial. Many farmers are leaving agriculture for non-farming jobs, highlighting the need to make farming attractive and viable.
  • Creating awareness about the potential and advancements in agriculture can shift perceptions.

Creating Alternative Employment Opportunities:

  • Besides agriculture, providing diverse job opportunities within rural settings is vital. This helps in retaining talent within the local communities.
  • Initiatives focusing on rural industries, services, and small businesses can be instrumental.

Improving Vocational Training:

  • Enhancing the quality and accessibility of vocational training is essential. This includes imparting relevant rural skills that align with local employment demands.
  • The success of the Delhi government’s ‘Skills On Wheel’ initiative can serve as a model for reaching rural youth effectively.

Enhancing Rural Education:

Imparting Technical and Life Skills:

  • Rural education should evolve to include both technical and life skills in its curriculum. This ensures holistic development and prepares youth for various challenges.
  • Skills like agricultural mechanization, nursing, and digital technologies should be integrated into educational programs.

Incorporating International Best Practices:

  • Learning from successful models globally, such as Mexico’s tele-schools and Bhutan’s well-being-infused curriculum, can inform improvements in rural education.
  • Tele-schools, providing value-based education, can be particularly effective in areas with limited access to secondary schools.

Role of Civil Society and NGOs:

  • Organizations like NIIT Foundation and Pratham Institute play a crucial role in providing upskilling opportunities to rural youth.
  • Collaborative efforts between government, NGOs, and civil society can bridge educational gaps and enhance employability.


Controlling the migration of rural youth to urban areas requires a multifaceted approach. By making agriculture appealing, creating alternative employment avenues, improving vocational training, and enhancing rural education with a focus on skills, India can equip its rural youth for a brighter future within their communities. The involvement of various stakeholders, including government bodies, NGOs, and civil society, is crucial in ensuring comprehensive and sustainable development in rural areas.


January 4
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
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