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February 5 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The year 2023 marked a significant economic downturn for China, with its growth rate plummeting to one of the lowest levels in over three decades.

This decline was attributed to various internal and external factors, including a housing crisis, sluggish consumption, demographic shifts, and global instability.

As China grappled with these challenges, its economic woes reverberated across the globe, influencing geopolitical dynamics, and prompting neighbouring countries like India to reassess their economic strategies.

Major Factors Contributing to Economic Challenges in China

  • Economic Status: China’s GDP growth rate in 2023 stood at 5.2%, marking its slowest growth since 1990. Deflationary pressures further exacerbated the economic slowdown.
  • Lack of Jobs for Youth: The youth unemployment rate soared in 2023, with over 20% of individuals between 16 and 24 remaining unemployed. Additionally, the working-age population declined, posing challenges for sustained economic productivity.
  • Demographic Trends: China’s population decline since 2016, coupled with a falling Total Fertility Rate (TFR), underscored the challenges posed by its aging population and the lingering effects of the one-child policy.
  • Unsteady Real Estate Market: The real estate sector, a cornerstone of China’s economy, faced financial instability, exemplified by the struggles of major firms like Evergrande and Country Garden.

Other Challenges Related to China in Global Context

  • Environmental Degradation: China’s status as the largest emitter of greenhouse gases and its high levels of air pollution contribute to global environmental concerns and public health issues.
  • Tense Relations with the United States: Ongoing trade tensions, technological competition, and ideological differences between China and the US have led to geopolitical tensions and a shifting global power balance.
  • South China Sea Disputes: China’s territorial claims in the South China Sea have sparked regional tensions and raised concerns about freedom of navigation and regional stability.
  • Human Rights Concerns: China’s human rights record, particularly regarding minority groups like the Uighurs, has drawn international criticism and scrutiny.

India’s Transition Amid Economic Turmoil in China

  • Demographic Advantage: India’s youthful population demographics contrast with China’s aging population, presenting opportunities for sustained economic growth and productivity.
  • Manufacturing and Transportation Initiatives: India’s focus on infrastructure development and initiatives like the India Semiconductor Mission and industrial corridors aim to attract investments and bolster manufacturing capabilities.
  • Business-Friendly Environment: Programs like Make in India and production-linked incentive schemes incentivize domestic and foreign investments in key sectors, fostering economic growth and job creation.
  • Thriving Domestic Market: India’s large and growing consumer market attracts multinational corporations, driving demand for locally manufactured goods and services.
  • Emphasis on Sustainability: India’s commitment to renewable energy and sustainability initiatives aligns with global trends, attracting investments in green technologies and industries.

Challenges Hindering India’s Progress

  • Infrastructure Constraints: Despite improvements, India’s infrastructure remains a bottleneck, hindering manufacturing competitiveness and investment attractiveness.
  • Skilled Workforce Shortage: While India has a large workforce, skill shortages persist, necessitating investments in vocational training and upskilling programs.
  • Ease of Doing Business: India lags behind China in ease of doing business rankings, highlighting the need for regulatory reforms and bureaucratic simplification.
  • R&D Investment: India’s low investment in research and development limits its innovation capabilities and competitiveness on the global stage.

Way Forward

  • Upskilling Workforce: Prioritize vocational training and skill development programs to meet industry demands and enhance workforce productivity.
  • Regulatory Reforms: Streamline regulations, reduce bureaucratic hurdles, and enhance ease of doing business to attract investments and spur economic growth.
  • Innovation and Technology: Increase investments in research and development, foster innovation ecosystems, and promote entrepreneurship to drive technological advancements.
  • Diplomatic Engagement: Engage in constructive dialogue with China to address bilateral issues, promote economic partnerships, and foster regional stability for mutual benefit.


February 5
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category: