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March 8 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The Pradhan Mantri Janjati Adivasi Nyay Maha Abhiyaan (PM-JANMAN) aims to uplift Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs) by improving their socio-economic welfare, including the provision of housing.

However, the effective implementation of the housing component faces several challenges that need to be addressed. Let’s explore these challenges and understand the scope and foundational features of PM-JANMAN.

Challenges Hindering PM-JANMAN Implementation

Data Discrepancies:

  • Discrepancies between Centre-provided data and state-identified figures hinder the accurate identification of beneficiaries.
  • Varying estimates from the PM Gati Shakti portal indicate inconsistencies, with rushed surveys leading to incomplete data collection.
  • Concerns raised by states like Kerala, Madhya Pradesh, and Tripura about beneficiaries being left out due to data discrepancies.

Slow Progress:

  • Simultaneous data collection and project implementation have resulted in delays, with only a fraction of the targeted houses sanctioned.

Election Year Pressure:

  • The urgency to demonstrate progress ahead of the General Elections 2024 may compromise thorough planning and execution.

Geographical Challenges:

  • Logistical hurdles in identifying beneficiaries in remote and inaccessible areas, compounded by inadequate infrastructure and communication networks.

Dynamic Population Dynamics:

  • Migratory patterns of tribal populations complicate the task of accurately estimating and identifying eligible beneficiaries, necessitating adaptive strategies.

Understanding PM-JANMAN


  • Launched on 15th November 2023, PM-JANMAN focuses on 11 interventions through 9 ministries to uplift PVTGs.
  • It has an outlay of Rs 24,104 crore over three years, with a significant portion allocated for housing and roads.


  • PM-JANMAN aims to enhance the socio-economic status of PVTGs by bridging gaps in health, education, and livelihoods.


  • The mission aims to provide holistic support to 75 PVTGs across 18 states and 1 UT, addressing their educational, health, and livelihood needs.

Foundational Features of PM-JANMAN

Inter-Ministerial Convergence:

  • Nine ministries collaborate under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs to ensure comprehensive coverage and welfare of PVTGs.

Alignment of Schemes/Programs:

  • Existing schemes are modified to address the specific needs of tribal communities and ensure effective integration into ongoing programs.

Coverage of the Scheme:

  • PM-JANMAN targets 75 PVTGs, providing support across various domains, including health, education, and livelihoods.

Identification of Gaps:

  • State-conducted surveys identify intervention areas, with data updated on the PM Gati-shakti Portal for verification.

Provision of Funds:

  • DAPST grants allocated to ministries/departments fund interventions, ensuring dedicated funds availability for PM-JANMAN.

Reward Mechanism:

  • Performance evaluation through district ranking fosters competition and rewards outstanding performance to incentivize effective implementation.


March 8
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
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