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April 26 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


Social media has become an integral part of modern society, shaping interactions, disseminating information, and influencing public discourse.  

However, with its widespread usage comes challenges such as the spread of misinformation, cyberbullying, and privacy concerns.  

In India, the Supreme Court has expressed apprehensions about the misuse of social media to distort information related to ongoing court cases.  

Regulation of Social Media in India 

Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) 

  • The Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) serves as the primary legislation governing electronic governance and communication in India 
  • It establishes the legal framework for various aspects of electronic communication, including social media platforms.  
  • Under Section 69A of the IT Act, the government is empowered to block information from public access to safeguard national interests, public order, and security.  
  • Additionally, Section 79(1) of the IT Act provides intermediaries, such as social media platforms, with exemption from liability for third-party information under specific conditions 

Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021 

  • The Information Technology (Intermediary Guidelines and Digital Media Ethics Code) Rules, 2021, play a crucial role in regulating social media and digital platforms in India.  
  • These rules mandate social media platforms to exercise greater diligence in content moderation and promptly remove inappropriate content to ensure online safety.  
  • Emphasis is placed on educating users about privacy policies and discouraging the dissemination of harmful content.  
  • The rules aim to enhance accountability and transparency in content moderation practices while promoting responsible use of digital media platforms.  
  • Additionally, the 2021 rules require platforms to prevent the spread of inaccurate information about the Indian government and remove content flagged as false by fact-checking u 

Social media impacts on society 

Youth and Students 

  • Pros: Access to information, educational resources, networking opportunities, and platforms for self-expression. 
  • Cons: Risk of cyberbullying, distraction from studies, and mental health issues. 


  • Pros: Platform for advocacy, sharing experiences, and promoting gender equality. 
  • Cons: Perpetuates unrealistic beauty ideals, leading to body image issues and cyberbullying. 


  • Pros: Provides visibility, advocacy platforms, and community networking. 
  • Cons: Exposes individuals to cyberbullying and privacy risks. 

Businesses and Entrepreneurs 

  • Pros: Cost-effective marketing, customer engagement, and global market access. 
  • Cons: Vulnerability to negative feedback and public relations crises. 

Government and Politics 

  • Pros: Enhanced communication with citizens and mobilization of support. 
  • Cons: Spread of misinformation, polarization, and privacy concerns. 


  • Pros: Enhances transparency by providing real-time updates on legal proceedings. 
  • Cons: Risk of misinterpretation and distortion of legal information. 

Media and Journalism 

  • Pros: Instant news dissemination and audience engagement. 
  • Cons: Challenges of fake news, loss of traditional revenue models. 

Elderly and Less Tech-Savvy Individuals 

  • Pros: Connectivity with family and access to information. 
  • Cons: Susceptibility to online scams and privacy concerns. 

Measures to Improve Utility and Credibility of Social Media 

Algorithmic Transparency 

  • Require platforms to disclose and explain their algorithms to mitigate biases and improve content visibility. 

Transparency Reports 

  • Mandate platforms to publish regular reports on content moderation, data practices, and compliance with regulatory standards. 

Digital Literacy Programs 

  • Implement comprehensive education initiatives to empower users in identifying and combating misinformation and online harassment. 

AI Moderation Tools 

  • Develop advanced AI tools for content moderation to swiftly detect and remove harmful content while protecting freedom of expression. 

Privacy-Enhancing Technologies 

  • Invest in technologies such as end-to-end encryption and data anonymization to bolster user privacy and security. 

Ethical Design Practices 

  • Encourage ethical design practices that prioritize user well-being and meaningful engagement over maximizing user attention. 

Incentivizing Positive Content Creation 

  • Implement mechanisms to reward users who create informative, educational, or community-building content. 


Social media’s impact on society is undeniable, but it also presents challenges that require proactive measures for mitigation.  

By implementing regulatory frameworks, promoting digital literacy, and investing in technological solutions, India can harness the benefits of social media while mitigating its risks.  

Collaboration between government, industry, and civil society is essential to ensure a safe, inclusive, and credible online environment for all. 

Mains Question: 

  1. Discuss the regulatory framework and societal impacts of social media in India, highlighting the challenges and measures to enhance its utility and credibility. (150 WORDS)


April 26
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category:
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