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October 30, 2023 @ 7:30 am - 11:30 pm


The global landscape has been riddled with crises in recent times, exposing traditional and non-traditional security threats and raising questions about the state of the world. Amidst this, the collaboration between China and India presents an opportunity to reshape the world using ancient wisdom and modern diplomacy.

Historical Ties and Shared Philosophies:

Rooted in Asian civilizations with a common history, China and India have shared a vision for mankind’s future, resonating in philosophies like China’s vision for fairness and justice and India’s principle of “Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam.”

Initiated by both nations, the Five Principles of Peaceful Co-existence laid the foundation for international relations, emphasizing mutual respect and non-interference.

Panchsheel Agreement

The Panchsheel Agreement, also known as the Five Principles of Peaceful Coexistence, emerged as a seminal agreement shaping India-China relations. These principles formed the cornerstone for economic collaboration and mutual security measures between the two nations. One of the underlying assumptions of these principles was the expectation that newly independent states, post-decolonization, would adopt a more pragmatic and harmonious approach to international relations.

The Five Principles of the Panchsheel Agreement are elucidated as follows:

Mutual respect for territorial integrity and sovereignty: Both India and China acknowledged and respected each other’s boundaries and territorial rights, fostering a sense of mutual recognition and understanding.

Mutual non-aggression: The agreement emphasized a commitment to abstain from hostile or aggressive actions, prioritizing peaceful means to resolve disputes and conflicts.

Mutual non-interference in internal affairs: Both nations agreed not to meddle in each other’s domestic affairs, acknowledging the sovereignty and autonomy of each state.

Equality and mutual benefit: The agreement was rooted in the concept of equality, ensuring that both nations derived benefits and prosperity from their interactions and collaborations, thus promoting equitable relations.

Peaceful co-existence: This principle underlined the need for peaceful and harmonious coexistence, fostering a conducive environment for dialogue and cooperation between the two nations.

China’s Vision of a Global Community of Shared Future:

  • China’s President Xi Jinping’s vision seeks a global community of shared future, encapsulated in the white paper “A Global Community of Shared Future: China’s Proposals and Actions,” focusing on peace, development, and mutual learning among civilizations.
  • This vision has received global recognition, integrating with multilateral organizations’ resolutions like the United Nations General Assembly, SCO, and BRICS.

Guiding Points for a Shared Future:

  • Economic Globalization: Advocating an open world economy that rejects unilateralism and zero-sum games.
  • Peaceful Development: Emphasizing peace as fundamental for global prosperity and discouraging colonialism and hegemony.
  • New International Relations: Encouraging collaboration and mutual respect for different systems and civilizations, avoiding conflicts.
  • True Multilateralism: Proposing fairness, equality, and respecting international law as the basis for a unified global order.
  • Common Values: Respecting diverse ideologies and social systems while promoting values of peace, equity, justice, and democracy.

China’s Initiatives for a Shared Future:

  • The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) and Global Initiatives focusing on development, security, and civilization have been fundamental in China’s efforts towards a shared future.
  • The collaboration between China and India, accounting for a significant portion of the global population, presents a natural partnership to drive global development, security, and civilization.


The joint efforts of China and India toward a shared future encapsulate the potential for global change. With their population size and aligned principles, these nations can stand as a beacon for an open, inclusive, and peaceful world, promoting prosperity and unity across the globe.

Mains Question:

The collaboration between China and India holds the potential to reshape the global landscape. Analyze the historical ties, shared philosophies, and principles underlying their partnership, and discuss how their joint efforts can contribute to building a world of “shared future.” (150 Words)10M



October 30, 2023
7:30 am - 11:30 pm
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