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June 3 @ 7:00 am - 11:30 pm


The World Health Assembly (WHA), in its annual meeting, agreed on significant amendments to the International Health Regulations (2005) (IHR) and made commitments to finalize a global pandemic agreement by 2025. These amendments aim to enhance global preparedness, surveillance, and responses to public health emergencies, including pandemics. 

Key Amendments to IHR 

Pandemic Emergency 

  • Introduction: A new definition of pandemic emergency has been included. 


  • Wide geographical spread. 
  • Exceeding health system capacity. 
  • Causing social and economic disruption. 
  • Requiring rapid international action. 

Commitment to Solidarity and Equity 

  • Financial Support: Establishing a Coordinating Financial Mechanism. 
  • To identify and access necessary financing. 
  • Focus on the needs and priorities of developing countries. 
  • Capacity Building: 
  • Developing and strengthening core capacities. 
  • Enhancing pandemic emergency prevention, preparedness, and response. 

Cooperation for Effective Implementation 

  • States Parties Committee: Creation to promote cooperation and effective implementation of amended regulations. 
  • National IHR Authorities: Establishment to improve coordination of implementation within and among countries. 

The Need for Global Health Cooperation 

Curbing Infectious Diseases 

  • Interconnected World: Pandemics like Covid-19 demonstrate the interconnectedness of countries. 
  • Early Detection and Response: 
  • Sharing information about disease outbreaks enables faster global response. 
  • Example: WHO’s role in tracking Covid-19 variants. 
  • Research and Development: 
  • Global collaboration speeds up the development of vaccines, diagnostics, and treatments. 

Addressing Antibiotic Resistance 

  • Global Threat: Overuse and misuse of antibiotics can lead to resistant bacteria spreading globally. 
  • Standardized Practices: 
  • Establishing common guidelines for antibiotic use. 
  • According to WHO, antimicrobial resistance could cause millions of deaths if not addressed collaboratively. 

Chronic Disease Management 

  • Growing Concern: Non-communicable diseases like heart disease and diabetes are increasing worldwide. 
  • Knowledge Sharing: 
  • Sharing optimal methods in prevention, treatment, and lifestyle interventions. 
  • Example: Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases (GACD). 

Health Equity and Access 

  • Resource Gap: Many countries lack resources to effectively tackle health challenges. 
  • Technology Transfer: 
  • Sharing knowledge and technology to improve healthcare systems. 
  • Example: Medicines Patent Pool facilitates access to affordable generic drugs. 

Existing Framework for Global Health Cooperation 

Multilateral Agencies 


  • WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UNAIDS focus on specific health areas like child health, reproductive health, and HIV/AIDS. 

WHO’s Central Role: 

  • Sets international health standards. 
  • Provides technical assistance to countries. 
  • Monitors and coordinates global responses to health emergencies. 

International Health Regulations (IHR) 

  • Legally Binding Agreement: 
  • Between 196 countries. 
  • Outlines rights and obligations regarding public health events with international implications. 
  • Global Health Initiatives 
  • Targeted Programs: 
  • Examples: Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance. 

Public-Private Partnerships 

  • Collaboration: 
  • Governments, NGOs, and the private sector leverage resources and expertise. 
  • Example: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. 

Regional Organizations 

  • Role in Coordination: 
  • Bodies like Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and African Union coordinate health efforts within regions. 


The recent amendments to the International Health Regulations (IHR) and the commitment to a global pandemic agreement by 2025 mark a significant step toward enhancing global health security. These changes aim to better equip the world to detect, prevent, and respond to future health threats. The existing frameworks and proposed measures aim to create a more resilient and coordinated global health system. 


June 3
7:00 am - 11:30 pm
Event Category:
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